2012-2013 Undergraduate Catalog

Middle Eastern Studies

Students may complete a concentration in Middle Eastern Studies.

Advisory Committee

Amiram Amitai, Lecturer in Hebrew and Judaic Studies
Grace Armstrong, Chair and Eunice M. Schenck 1907 Professor of French, Director of Middle Eastern Languages, and Co-Director of International Studies
Mehmet-Ali Atac, Associate Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology
Manar Darwish, Instructor and Coordinator of Bi-Co Arabic Program
Deborah Harrold, Lecturer in Political Science and Director of Middle Eastern Studies
Peter Magee, Associate Professor of Classical and Near Eastern Archaeology
Marc Ross, William Rand Kenan, Jr., Professor Emeritus in Political Science
Azade Seyhan, Fairbank Professor in the Humanities, Professor of German and Comparative Literature, Interim Chair of German, and Director of Comparative Literature
Sharon Ullman, Professor of History and Director of Gender and Sexuality Studies
Alicia Walker, Assistant Professor of History of Art on the Marie Neuberger Fund for the Study of Arts, and Director of the Center for Visual Culture

Courses on the Middle East may contribute to majors in other fields or serve as electives. In addition, students may complete a concentration in Middle East Studies.

The Middle Eastern Studies Program focuses on the study of the area from Morocco to Afghanistan from antiquity to the present day. Bryn Mawr students can investigate the history, politics and cultures of the Middle East through coursework, independent study, study abroad, and events here and at neighboring institutions. In conjunction with courses at Haverford and Swarthmore, the Advisory Committee from Bryn Mawr College co-ordinates courses and works with colleagues from Haverford and Swarthmore College on tri-college curricular planning.

The members of the Middle Eastern Studies Committee can help students who are interested in Middle Eastern topics plan coursework and independent study.

There are two tracks to Middle East Studies Concentration; one requires study or competence in a Middle Eastern language, the other does not.

Track 1

The first track consists of six courses in the Humanities or Social Sciences that focus on the ancient or modern Middle East distributed in the following manner:

a. An introductory course called “Themes in Middle Eastern Society and Culture.” This course will be offered every other year by relevant Middle Eastern Studies Institute faculty from Bryn Mawr and, where possible, the Tri-Co Community. The course will be taught by at least two faculty members who would follow a broadly defined theme. Possible themes include: Irrigation, Agriculture and Society; History and Collective Memory; Urbanism and Social Transformation; War and Peace, and Literature and Imagination.
b.     Three elective Middle Eastern topic courses, including at least one at the 300 level in a specific area to be chosen in consultation with the student’s adviser. This area might be defined in terms of conceptual, historical, or geographical interests and, in many cases, will be connected to work in the student’s major.
c.     Two additional Middle Eastern topic courses, at least one of which must be in either the humanities or social sciences if a student’s work in (a) and (b) does not include one or the other of these.
d.     Of the six courses one must be pre-modern in content.
e.     Of the six courses only three may be in the student’s major.

Track 2

The second track consists of language study and other courses. Students opting for this track must take the equivalent of two years of study of a modern Middle Eastern language or pass a proficiency exam in one of these languages, whereby they may also meet the standard set for the A.B. degree for the foreign language requirement. Four additional courses distributed as follows are required for the concentration:

a.     An introductory course called “Themes in Middle Eastern Society and Culture” as defined above.
b.     Three elective Middle Eastern topic courses, which meet the following conditions:

  • One course must be in the social sciences;
  • One course must be in the humanities;
  • At least one course must be at the 300 level to be selected after consultation with the student’s adviser so as to expose the student to in-depth study of the Middle East with a geographic, conceptual, or particular historical focus;
  • At least one course must be pre-modern in content.

c.     Of the four courses, only two may also form a part of the student’s major.

For Arabic and Hebrew languages, please see those sections.

COURSES

ANTH B261 Palestine and Israeli Society

Considers the legacy of Palestine and the centrality of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as key in the formation of Israeli society, shaped by ongoing political conflict. New ethnographic writings disclose themes like Zionism, Holocaust, immigration, religion, Palestinian citizenry, Middle Eastern Jews and military occupation and resulting emerging debates among different social sectors and populations. Also considers constitution of ethnographic fields and the shaping of anthropological investigations by arenas of conflict. Prerequisites: sophomore standing and POLS B111 or ANTH B101 or B102 or permission of the instructor.
Requirement(s): Division I: Social Science
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Counts toward: Middle East Studies; Peace and Conflict Studies
Crosslisting(s): HEBR-B261; HIST-B261
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

ANTH B275 Cultures and Societies of the Middle East

Through a close reading of ethnographic, historical, and literary materials, this course will introduce students to some of the key conceptual issues and regional distinctions that have emerged from classic and contemporary studies of culture and society in the Middle East. The course will survey the following themes: orientalism; gender and patriarchy; democracy and state-formation; political Islam; oil and Western dominance; media and religion; violence and nationalism; identity and diaspora. Prerequisite: Introduction to Anthropology or equivalent. No knowledge of the Middle East is assumed.
Requirement(s): Division I: Social Science
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

ANTH B276 Islam in Europe

This course will focus on recent immigration of Muslims in Europe. Anthropological theories will be helpful for understanding various issues such as the colonization and production of ethnicity, problems of identity concerning different generations and gender. Politics from the points of view of the nation-state will be important. Prerequisite: One course in Anthropology or instructor’s permission.
Requirement(s): Division I: Social Science
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): HIST-B276
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

ANTH B382 Religious Fundamentalism in the Global Era

Through a comparison of Jewish, Islamic, Christian and Hindu political movements, the course seeks to investigate the religious turn in national and transnational contexts. We will also seek to find commonalities and differences in religious movements, and religious regimes, while considering the aspects of globalization which usher in new kinds of transnational affiliation. Prerequisite: An introductory course in Anthropology, Political Science or History or permission of the instructor.
Requirement(s): Division I or Division III
Counts toward: Middle East Studies; Peace and Conflict Studies
Crosslisting(s): HIST-B382; POLS-B382
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

ARCH B104 Archaeology of Agricultural and Urban Revolutions

This course examines the archaeology of the two most fundamental changes that have occurred in human society in the last 12,000 years, agriculture and urbanism, and we explore these in Egypt and the Near East as far as India. We also explore those societies that did not experience these changes.
Requirement(s): Division III: Humanities
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts toward: Environmental Studies; Geoarchaeology; Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): CITY-B104
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

ARCH B140 The Visual Culture of the Ancient Near East

The visual culture of ancient Mesopotamia, a region with its heartland in modern Iraq, from the first city to the fall of Babylon in 539 BCE, includes images designed to gain favor of the gods, promote royal achievements and adorn the deceased on the journey to the afterlife. Particular emphasis placed on the visual analysis of royal and elite artistic production of architecture, sculpture and cylinder seals.
Requirement(s): Division III: Humanities
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): HART-B140
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

ARCH B226 Archaeology of Anatolia

One of the cradles of civilization, Anatolia witnessed the rise and fall of many cultures and states throughout its ancient history. This course approaches the ancient material remains of pre-classical Anatolia from the perspective of Near Eastern archaeology, examining the art, artifacts, architecture, cities, and settlements of this land from the Neolithic through the Lydian periods. Some emphasis will be on the Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age, especially phases of Hittite and Assyrian imperialism, Late Hittite states, Phrygia, and the Urartu.
Requirement(s): Division III: Humanities
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

ARCH B230 Archaeology and History of Ancient Egypt

A survey of the art and archaeology of ancient Egypt from the Pre-Dynastic through the Graeco-Roman periods, with special emphasis on Egypt’s Empire and its outside connections, especially the Aegean and Near Eastern worlds.
Requirement(s): Division III: Humanities
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts toward: Africana Studies; Middle East Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

ARCH B240 Archaeology and History of Ancient Mesopotamia

A survey of the material culture of ancient Mesopotamia, modern Iraq, from the earliest phases of state formation (circa 3500 B.C.E.) through the Achaemenid Persian occupation of the Near East (circa 331 B.C.E.). Emphasis will be on art, artifacts, monuments, religion, kingship, and the cuneiform tradition. The survival of the cultural legacy of Mesopotamia into later ancient and Islamic traditions will also be addressed.
Requirement(s): Division III: Humanities
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s):Ataç,M.
(Spring 2013)

ARCH B244 Great Empires of the Ancient Near East

A survey of the history, material culture, political and religious ideologies of, and interactions among, the five great empires of the ancient Near East of the second and first millennia B.C.E.: New Kingdom Egypt, the Hittite Empire in Anatolia, the Assyrian and Babylonian Empires in Mesopotamia, and the Persian Empire in Iran.
Requirement(s): Division III: Humanities
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): CITY-B244; HIST-B244; POLS-B244
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

ARCH B355 Archaeology of the Achaemenid Empire in Cross Cultural Context

The Achaemenid Empire (538-332 B.C.E.) ruled the largest landmass of any of the ancient Near Eastern Empires. Attempts by archaeologists to understand the manner in which authority was asserted over this area have suffered from a reliance on biased historical sources, largely from the Classical World. This course uses archaeological data to re-examine the Achaemenid Empire in a global context. This data is examined through a methodological framework that emphasizes comparative studies of ancient and more recent Empires in Africa, the Americas, South Asia, and the Mediterranean.
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

CITY B312 Topics in Medieval Art

This is a topics course. Course content varies. Current topic description: Kings, Caliphs, and Emperor: Images of Authority in the Era of the Crusades
Requirement(s): Division III: Humanities
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): HART-B311; HIST-B311
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s):Walker,A.
(Spring 2013)

COML B225 Censorship: Historical Contexts, Local Practices and Global Resonance

This course examines the ban on books and art in the US, Latin America, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe through a study of the historical, political, and sociocultural conditions of censorship practices and the rhetorical strategies writers and artists use to translate repression and trauma into idioms of resistance. Prerequisite: EMLY B001 or a 100-level intensive writing course.
Requirement(s): Division III: Humanities
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Counts toward: Latin Amer/Latino/Iberian Peoples and Cultures; Middle East Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

HART B140 The Visual Culture of the Ancient Near East

The visual culture of ancient Mesopotamia, a region with its heartland in modern Iraq, from the first city to the fall of Babylon in 539 BCE, includes images designed to gain favor of the gods, promote royal achievements and adorn the deceased on the journey to the afterlife. Particular emphasis placed on the visual analysis of royal and elite artistic production of architecture, sculpture and cylinder seals.
Requirement(s): Division III: Humanities
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): ARCH-B140
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

HART B311 Topics in Medieval Art

This is a topics course. Course content varies. Current topic description: Kings, Caliphs, and Emperor: Images of Authority in the Era of the Crusades
Requirement(s): Division III: Humanities
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): CITY-B312; HIST-B311
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s):Walker,A.
(Spring 2013)

HEBR B110 Israeli Cinema

The course traces the evolution of the Israeli cinema from ideologically charged visual medium to a universally recognized film art, as well as the emergent Palestinian cinema and the new wave of Israeli documentaries. It will focus on the historical, ideological, political, and cultural changes in Israeli and Palestinian societies and their impact on films’ form and content.
Requirement(s): Division III: Humanities
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Critical Interpretation (CI)
Counts toward: Film Studies; Middle East Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

HEBR B261 Palestine and Israeli Society

Considers the legacy of Palestine and the centrality of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as key in the formation of Israeli society, shaped by ongoing political conflict. New ethnographic writings disclose themes like Zionism, Holocaust, immigration, religion, Palestinian citizenry, Middle Eastern Jews and military occupation and resulting emerging debates among different social sectors and populations. Also considers constitution of ethnographic fields and the shaping of anthropological investigations by arenas of conflict. Prerequisites: sophomore standing and POLS B111 or ANTH B101 or B102 or permission of the instructor.
Requirement(s): Division I: Social Science
Counts toward: Middle East Studies; Peace and Conflict Studies
Crosslisting(s): ANTH-B261; HIST-B261
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

HEBR B271 Topics in Judaic Studies

What happened in Jewish history between antiquity and the modern era, between composing the Talmud and receiving citizenship in European nations? As we try to understand how Jews got from there to here, this seminar will explore the diverse and sometimes astonishing forms of Jewish life in the medieval and early modern periods (approximately 1000-1800), with special focus on the evolution of Jewish relations with the majority culture. Topics will include the golden age of Jewry in Muslim Spain, the development of European anti-Jewish policies and persecutions, Jewish self-government, and cosmopolitanism, as well as many of the philosophers, mystics and would-be messiahs who sparked religious movements and change in the course of these tumultuous centuries.
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): HIST-B273
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

HEBR B283 Introduction to the Politics of the Modern Middle East and North Africa

This course is a multidisciplinary approach to understanding the politics of the region, using works of history, political science, political economy, film, and fiction as well as primary sources. The course will concern itself with three broad areas: the legacy of colonialism and the importance of international forces; the role of Islam in politics; and the political and social effects of particular economic conditions, policies, and practices.
Requirement(s): Division I: Social Science
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): POLS-B283; HIST-B283
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s):Harrold,D.
(Fall 2012)

HIST B222 France and Algeria since 1830

This course will trace the intertwined history of France and Algeria by analyzing the beginnings of the French presence in Algeria, colonization and resistance, citizenship and race, the Algerian War, and decolonization. Prerequisite: One 100-level history course.
Approach: Inquiry into the Past (IP)
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): ANTH-B222; FREN-B222; POLS-B223
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

HIST B261 Palestine and Israeli Society

Considers the legacy of Palestine and the centrality of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict as key in the formation of Israeli society, shaped by ongoing political conflict. New ethnographic writings disclose themes like Zionism, Holocaust, immigration, religion, Palestinian citizenry, Middle Eastern Jews and military occupation and resulting emerging debates among different social sectors and populations. Also considers constitution of ethnographic fields and the shaping of anthropological investigations by arenas of conflict. Prerequisites: sophomore standing and POLS B111 or ANTH B101 or B102 or permission of the instructor.
Requirement(s): Division I: Social Science
Counts toward: Middle East Studies; Peace and Conflict Studies
Crosslisting(s): ANTH-B261; GNST-B261; HEBR-B261
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

HIST B273 Topics in Judaic Studies

What happened in Jewish history between antiquity and the modern era, between composing the Talmud and receiving citizenship in European nations? As we try to understand how Jews got from there to here, this seminar will explore the diverse and sometimes astonishing forms of Jewish life in the medieval and early modern periods (approximately 1000-1800), with special focus on the evolution of Jewish relations with the majority culture. Topics will include the golden age of Jewry in Muslim Spain, the development of European anti-Jewish policies and persecutions, Jewish self-government, and cosmopolitanism, as well as many of the philosophers, mystics and would-be messiahs who sparked religious movements and change in the course of these tumultuous centuries.
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): HEBR-B271
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

HIST B276 Islam in Europe

This course will focus on recent immigration of Muslims in Europe. Anthropological theories will be helpful for understanding various issues such as the colonization and production of ethnicity, problems of identity concerning different generations and gender. Politics from the points of view of the nation-state will be important. Prerequisite: One course in Anthropology or instructor’s permission.
Requirement(s): Division I: Social Science
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): ANTH-B276
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

HIST B283 Introduction to the Politics of the Modern Middle East and North Africa

This course is a multidisciplinary approach to understanding the politics of the region, using works of history, political science, political economy, film, and fiction as well as primary sources. The course will concern itself with three broad areas: the legacy of colonialism and the importance of international forces; the role of Islam in politics; and the political and social effects of particular economic conditions, policies, and practices.
Requirement(s): Division I: Social Science
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): POLS-B283; HEBR-B283
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s):Harrold,D.
(Fall 2012)

HIST B288 The Political Economy of the Middle East and North Africa

This comparative approach considers historical constructions, the power of economic ideas, domestic politics and resources, and international regimes. Specific areas of focus include theories that seek to explain the economic/political conditions, left, nationalist and liberal, as well as the exceptional growth of the Gulf economies. Prerequisite: at least one other course on the Middle East or a strong area expertise in another region such as Latin America or China with permission of the instructor.
Requirement(s): Division I: Social Science
Counts toward: International Studies Minor; Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): POLS-B288
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

HIST B311 Topics in Medieval Art

This is a topics course. Topics vary. Current topic description: Kings, Caliphs, and Emperor: Images of Authority in the Era of the Crusades
Requirement(s): Division III: Humanities
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): HART-B311; CITY-B312
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s):Walker,A.
(Spring 2013)

HIST B382 Religious Fundamentalism in the Global Era

Through a comparison of Jewish, Islamic, Christian and Hindu political movements, the course seeks to investigate the religious turn in national and transnational contexts. We will also seek to find commonalities and differences in religious movements, and religious regimes, while considering the aspects of globalization which usher in new kinds of transnational affiliation. Prerequisite: An introductory course in Anthropology, Political Science or History or permission of the instructor.
Requirement(s): Division I or Division III
Counts toward: Middle East Studies; Peace and Conflict Studies
Crosslisting(s): ANTH-B382; POLS-B382
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

POLS B282 The Exotic Other: Gender and Sexuality in the Middle East

This course is concerned with the meanings of gender and sexuality in the Middle East, with particular attention to the construction of tradition, its performance, reinscription, and transformation, and to Western interpretations and interactions. Prerequisite: one course in social science or humanities. Previous gender or Middle East course is a plus.
Requirement(s): Division I: Social Science
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC); Critical Interpretation (CI)
Counts toward: Gender and Sexuality Studies; Middle East Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

POLS B283 Introduction to the Politics of the Modern Middle East and North Africa

This course is a multidisciplinary approach to understanding the politics of the region, using works of history, political science, political economy, film, and fiction as well as primary sources. The course will concern itself with three broad areas: the legacy of colonialism and the importance of international forces; the role of Islam in politics; and the political and social effects of particular economic conditions, policies, and practices.
Requirement(s): Division I: Social Science
Approach: Cross-Cultural Analysis (CC)
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): HEBR-B283; HIST-B283
Units: 1.0
Instructor(s):Harrold,D.
(Fall 2012)

POLS B287 Media and Politics: The Middle East Transformed

The events of 2011 transformed the Middle East, overthrowing or threatening regimes across the region. The course will focus on the media technologies, the political actors, and international events that produced these changes, as well as examine works on political transitions, revolutions, and social movements. Prerequisite: A previous social science or history course is strongly recommended, or a previous course on media.
Requirement(s): Division I: Social Science
Counts toward: International Studies Minor; Middle East Studies
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

POLS B288 The Political Economy of the Middle East and North Africa

This comparative approach considers historical constructions, the power of economic ideas, domestic politics and resources, and international regimes. Specific areas of focus include theories that seek to explain the economic/political conditions, left, nationalist and liberal, as well as the exceptional growth of the Gulf economies. Prerequisite: at least one other course on the Middle East or a strong area expertise in another region such as Latin America or China with permission of the instructor.
Requirement(s): Division I: Social Science
Counts toward: International Studies Minor; Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): HIST-B288
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

POLS B382 Religious Fundamentalism in the Global Era

Through a comparison of Jewish, Islamic, Christian and Hindu political movements, the course seeks to investigate the religious turn in national and transnational contexts. We will also seek to find commonalities and differences in religious movements, and religious regimes, while considering the aspects of globalization which usher in new kinds of transnational affiliation. Prerequisite: An introductory course in Anthropology, Political Science or History or permission of the instructor.
Requirement(s): Division I or Division III
Counts toward: Middle East Studies; Peace and Conflict Studies
Crosslisting(s): ANTH-B382; HIST-B382
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

POLS B383 Two Hundred Years of Islamic Reform, Radicalism, and Revolution

This course will examine the transformation of Islamic politics in the past two hundred years, emphasizing historical accounts, comparative analysis of developments in different parts of the Islamic world. Topics covered include the rationalist Salafy movement; the so-called conservative movements (Sanussi of Libya, the Mahdi in the Sudan, and the Wahhabi movement in Arabia); the Caliphate movement; contemporary debates over Islamic constitutions; among others. The course is not restricted to the Middle East or Arab world. Prerequisites: a course on Islam and modern European history, or an earlier course on the Modern Middle East or 19th-century India, or permission of instructor.
Requirement(s): Division I: Social Science
Counts toward: Middle East Studies
Crosslisting(s): HIST-B383
Units: 1.0
(Not Offered 2012-13)

Middle Eastern Studies at Haverford College 2012–13

FALL 2012
ANTH H316  Gender and Sexuality in the Middle East, Zainab Saleh
POLS H253  Introduction to Terrorism Studies, Barak Mendelsohn
POLS H357  International Relations Theory: Conflict and the Middle East, Barak Mendelsohn
RELG H108  Vocabularies of Islam, Jamel Velji
RELG H212  Jerusalem: City, History, and Representation
RELG H303  Religion and Translation, Travis Zadeh

SPRING 2013
ANTH H259  Ethnographies of Islam, Maris Gillette
ANTH H2XX Anthropology of the Middle East, Zainab Saleh
ICPR H325    Contemporary Art of th Arab World, Iran, and Turkey, Carol Solomon
HIST H117    Modern Mediterranean History, Alex Kitroeff
POLS H151  International Politics, Barak Mendelsohn
RELG H218  The Divine Guide: Introduction of Shiism, Travis Zadeh
RELG H306  Monsters and Marvels: Wonder in Islamic Traditions, Travis Zadeh
Middle Eastern Studies at Swarthmore College 2012–13

FALL 2012
ARAB 07601 Contemporary Arab Women Writers
HIST 006A    Formation of the Islamic Near East
HIST 025       Colonialism and Nationalism in the Arab Middle East
RELG 001C  Religion and Terror in an Age of Hope and Fear
RELG 053     Gender, Sexuality, and the Body in Islam
RUSS 023     Muslims in Russia
SOAN 009C  Cultures of the Middle East

SPRING 2013
HIST 006B    The Modern Middle East
HIST 020       The History of Current Events in the Middle East
HIST 111       Christians, Muslims, and Jews in the Medieval Mediterranean
RELG 008B   The Qu’ran and Its Interpreters

The University of Pennsylvania

Penn has courses on the Middle East in several departments, including Jewish Studies, NELC, AMES, Art History, Political Science, History, Comparative Literature, and Sociology, among others. Remember, Penn starts a week after Bryn Mawr in the fall; a week before Bryn Mawr in the spring semester.

www.upenn.edu/registrar/timetable/index.html

For more information about courses, look at the Web sites of the different departments.

Hebrew at Penn meets five days a week for first-, second-, and third-year levels. Advanced levels, Biblical Hebrew, and Yiddish do not meet as often.
http://www.upenn.edu/registrar/timetable/jwst.html

In addition to language classes that meet more than three times each week, Penn offers Arabic, Persian, and Turkish in more limited time frames.
www.upenn.edu/registrar/timetable/index.html
(Look under NELC as well as individiual languages.)